Oral Cancer Treatment in Pune
Oral cancer is the kind of cancer that grows in the tissues of the throat or the mouth. In most cases, it develops in the squamous cells present in your lips, tongue, and mouth.
It is possible to treat most oral cancer cases with minimal tissue damage in their early stages. You can reach out to Dr. Amit Mulay if you are looking for Oral Cancer Treatment in Pune.
Types Of Oral Cancers
Depending on the cells in which they occur, oral cancer can be categorised as follows:
Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC)
Every 9 out of 10 oral cancer cases are OSCC. Squamous cells fill the lining of the mouth and throat surfaces that typically divide and shed every 24 hours.
Verrucous carcinoma is relatively uncommon. It originates and grows in the squamous cells but rarely metastasizes, i.e., spreads to other parts. It is often seen in those who chew tobacco or use snuff orally.
Minor salivary gland carcinomas
Minor salivary gland carcinomas are a type of cancer that forms in the ducts or glands of the minor salivary gland. Most salivary gland tumours are benign.
Lymphoma is another type of oral cancer that affects white blood cells, and it may also be called cancer of the lymph nodes. Lymphoid tissues are present in the tonsils and the base of the tongue.
What are the symptoms of Oral Cancer?
Given below are the symptoms of Oral Cancer:
- Growth of lump inside the mouth
- Loose teeth and swollen jaw
- sore mouth and throat
- Pain in mouth and ear
- Red patches in the mouth
What are the stages of Oral Cancer?
There are four stages of Oral Cancer.
Stage 1: Stage 1 is the early stage of cancer in which the tumour is not more than two cm and cancer hasn’t yet spread to the lymph nodes.
Stage 2: At stage 2, the oral tumour is 2 to 4 cm in size, and no cancer cells are found in nearby structures, lymph nodes, or distant sites.
Stage 3: At stage 3, the tumour gets bigger than 4 cm, and cancer has spread to one lymph node, but not to the distant sites.
Stage 4: At stage 4, oral cancer has grown further than the mouth into surrounding structures such as the lymph nodes or other body parts.
What are the risk factors associated with Oral Cancer?
The biggest risk factor associated with oral cancer is consuming any form of tobacco. It may include smoking cigars, pipes, cigarettes, and chewing tobacco. Given below are some other factors that increase the risk of mouth cancer:
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Betel-quid chewing
- Genetic syndromes
- Poor oral hygiene
- Sustained viral infections such as human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Excessive sun exposure on the lips
- Poor nutritional intake and weakened immune system
Surgery is used to remove the tumour or the cancerous lymph nodes. At advanced stages, surgery is often combined with chemotherapy and Radiation therapy to eliminate any trace of the cancer cells in a region.
Radiation therapy uses large doses of radiation to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumours. It is done once or twice a day, five days a week, for two to eight weeks.
Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It usually works by keeping the cancer cells from growing, dividing, and making more cells.
Why choose Dr. Amit Mulay for Oral cancer treatment in Pune?
Dr. Amit Mulay is one of the most renowned surgeons for Oral cancer treatment in Pune. He handles patients compassionately, recommending tests and procedures that are necessary. Dr. Mulay takes pride in his expertise and has helped many patients to this date. So if you are looking for oral cancer treatment in Pune, you can book your appointment with us.